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BEFORE THE ARCHITECT – DREAM HOME DESIGNING BACKGROUND – UNIQUE HOME DESIGN ARTICLES

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FINE HOME ELECTRICAL DESIGN PLAN/FINE HOME ELECTRICAL HOME LIGHT DESIGN PLAN

By Before The Architect  Copyright 2002, 2003, 2007 Before The Architect

Scrupulously respect your clients.  This is not a herald to kiss butt.  This is to get you pointed in their direction, to pay attention to what you're doing by first paying attention to what they're doing.  Before The Architect

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INTRODUCTION

            This e-article is about dream home electrical plans diagram design and dream home electrical home light plans diagram design in designer fine home plans  

Comment:  Before The Architect designs dream home electrical plans along with dream home electrical home light plans for each level of each fine home the firm works.  The electrical plans offer a system of design that is detailed and complex for a residential design and construction plans and the home light plans control have no equal – not even close – it's one-of-a-kind.  Most electrical & home light plans for a home are bare-bones electrical plans – no home light, except for the occasional genuflection to a lantern – and, even thusly limited, are, in this custom dream home designer's opinion, the minimum to let an electrician get ‘er done his way, while short on safety, durability, and convenience. 

ELECTRICAL DIAGRAMS & HOME LIGHT DIAGRAMS

Fine home Electrical & Light Plans System of Design are intended:  to take electrical and home light design out of the hands of electricians and To guide the work of suppliers; to guide not only the nature and character of wiring high-voltage electric outlets, but also their control, especially in terms of the amount and kinds of illuminance available to occupants on a per-space basis; to involve the Electrical & Light Plans in intense thoughtfulness even to include a sense of vicarious contemplation; to surface area-dependence in several key aspects of the Electrical & Light Plan, including but not limited to Ceiling Fan Schedule, Bathroom Exhaust Fan Schedule, Nightlighting Schedule; Daylighting Schedule; and home Light Flutter/Downlighting Schedule 

A dream home Electrical & Light Plans diagram is based on floor plans that stop moving around so much detail of  electrical circuits wiring and electrical devices wiring is oh so troublesome to keep ooching this way and that – time, money, temperament about going backwards again and again, dramatically increased opportunity to screw it up

Electrical & Light Plan, Scaled - An Electrical, Single Line Diagram

 KEY:

 A = (NIGHT)LIGHTING SCHEDULE.

B = ELECTRICAL & LIGHT PLANS LAYOUT 

C = BATHROOM EXHAUST FAN SCHEDULE.

D = CEILING FAN SCHEDULE.      

E = MANUFACTURER-SUPPLIED DETAIL OF EXTERIOR LANTERNS 

F = MISCELLANEOUS NOTES 

G = GUIDANCE TO RESIDENTIAL CONTRACTORS AND OTHERS REGARDING THE AUTHORITY OF THIS PLANS SHEET AND THEIR RESPONSIBILITY THERETO IN ITS RESPECT. 

H = CONSTRUCTION NOTES IN APPLICATION 

I = LEGEND 

J = KEY 

K = DAYLIGHTING ANALYSIS.
 

bulletPlans shall be drawn atop each level's floor plan, including
bullethabitable level
bulletor basement, if the latter is not habitable
bulletattic 
 
bulletPlans shall be
bulletlevel (including basement or crawlspace and attic)
 
bulletPlans shall identify
bullettype and size of each floor-loaded appliance wiring
bulletluminaires wiring
bulleton-center height
bulletluminaires and others as set in valences and the like
bulletand type of each electrical device wiring
bulletand type of each switch control wiring
bulletand type of each luminaire wiring
bullet electrical circuit wiring and branch wiring, including
bullet electrical wiring sequence
bulletor '(wiring) home run' or 'HR'  electrical circuits wiring
bulletand type of each motor wiring
bulletreceptacles wiring
bulletand selected voltages and amperages
bullet electrical circuit's
bullet electrical wiring sequence
bulletor -way
bulletor '(wiring) home run,' or 'HR'  electrical circuits
bulletfor ceiling mounts (not common fare)
bulletcommunication outlets
bulletelectronic 
 
Comment:  Before The Architect uniquely extends Electrical Plans to include: 
 

bulletValues and output 
 
bulletFan blade diameter and hang-height 
 
bulletWhere ceiling fan blades can noticeably interrupt illumination
 
bulletExhaust fan number and capacity of electrical devices and fan wiring,  electrical circuitry wiring, electrical cable wiring, overcurrent protection wiring, etc. to broader, stricter wiring standards than commonly applied to residential electrical wiring and home lighting wiring design materials and methods   
 
Electrical Light Switch Controls and Electrical Receptacles By A Bed
 

bulletA sleeping area, the fine home designer shall
bulletsite(s) of bed(s)
bulletlargest optimal size of bed
bulletby specific dimension statements that wall light switch controls for bed-occupant control and receptacles for bed-occupant supply are sited outside bed width by not less than 6 linear inches on the horizontal on each side of bed width, that is
bulletthat electrical devices are NOT SITED behind the bed headboard, mattress, box spring, or frame 
 
Comment:  The home designer is herewith encouraged to consult with clients on their own preferences and intentions as to site and type of bed(s) in any given sleeping area.  

Comment:  For home designer reference, common bed widths follow –  

Bed type         Width

Single              30 linear inches

Twin                39 linear inches

Standard

Double/Full     54 linear inches

Queen              60 linear inches

King                72 linear inches

California/

Western King  78 linear inches 

Electrical & Light Plans Example, Up Close On The Layout

bulletThat which follows
bullet's a close-up in plan view to a bath and bed segment, excerpted from an Electrical & Light Plans layout
bulletlayout borders
bulletwith Bed 3
bulletwith Guest Hall
bulletwith Exterior and
bulletwith Closet and utility spaces
bulletdetails are omitted for clarity of expression
 
Electrical & Light Plan, Plan View, Scaled - An Electrical, Single Line Diagram

  

KEY:

Please note that most of the text below is identified by cross-reference to both notes and keys and legends and schedules on the Electrical & Light plans sheet.  Additionally, as needed, there may be extensive, sometimes extra-extensive, text guidelining electrical and home lighting standards of materials and methods. (For example, in the custom home plans set from which this article's images are drawn, Electrical & Lighting Standards' text ran to 3,092 words tightly written in outline format.)

A = wiring light wall switch light control, 3-way with dimmer, set at default height of 40 linear inches above finish floor level, noting  electrical circuit line-drawn wiring to other 3-way light switch light control wiring. 

B = wiring duplex receptacle default amps/volts of 20a/120v specifically identified to set 42 linear inches over finish floor.  Note that insufficient space on the drawing to site this electrical device wiring exactly is addressed by offsetting its symbolization with a line drawn to the intended site of application. Also note that each lavatory gets its own duplex receptacle wiring and each receptacle is on a (wiring) home run wiring, or hr, meaning an electrical circuit wiring is solely dedicated thereat. 

C = the lavatories' 760 lumens as "t" for task home light, established in the nightlight schedule.  Please note that the home light wiring design standard hereunder for task home light wiring is lies in quality of illuminance.  For task, consider breaking the color correlated color temperature, or CCT, prescription to the slightly higher side of 3000k and the color rendering index, or CRI, to the lower side of 90, even of 80, for work areas.  Ambient home light wiring - branches not label with a "t" - should vary the other side of those prescripts. 

D = wall-mounted lanterns wiring spaced 2'-6" either side of the vanity centerline and, thereby, centering each lavatory between a pair, set 65 linear inches above finish floor, on the 3-way switch light control branch wiring in a above and the lumens of which are included in c above. 

E = bath exhaust fan wiring identified on a 3 way, non-dimmer branch and centered on a line from vanity corner to bath corner and from bog/tub diagonal corner-to-corner, further identified in bath exhaust fan schedule b for capacity and suggested make and model for consideration or for similar. 

F & G = radon riser pipe 5 and sanitary DWV a, identified in the home electrical & light plans to alert electrical installers to be extra careful thereabouts in piercing wall planes. 

H = smoke alarms wiring, notably, shall be applied according to manufacturer instruction in each sleeping room, outside each sleeping room passage door; shall be permanently connected to each other overall such that when one or more alarm, all alarm throughout the entire house; shall run on both permanent 120v and replaceable battery; each shall feature a combination of ionization and photoelectric sensors; shall not disconnect by wall switch light control wiring; shall have as its overcurrent protection wiring, or  electrical circuit breaker wiring, an electrical device wiring specifically identified as capable to have two electrical circuits landed where the other electrical circuit landed shall be to a frequently used home light wiring application and where the alarm branch electrical load shall be before any switch light control wiring. Note well that there are three pairs showing on this excerpt, two pair each flanking beds and the shared bath, and one pair between lower bed and guest hall.  (Additionally, not shown is another pair between upper bed and guest hall.) 

I = ceiling fan identified as 52 linear inches in diameter and further identified in ceiling fan schedule c on the same sheet as to capacity and mounting distance from finish ceiling height, separately switched for fan and home light pack whether or not the latter is initially applied, set on a centerline diagonally corner-to-corner.  Note well that the ceiling fan is on its own  electrical circuit in order to minimize harmonic distortion thereabouts. 

J = the ceiling area identified by hatch pattern and dimensions from finish wall in which downlights wiring may be set without interference from ceiling fan blade illumination interruption, or home light flutter. 

K = pressure switch light control wiring to bed 2 closet out of view. 

L = spacing for duplex receptacles wiring either side of queen-sized bed, ground fault interrupter-protected by force of their proximity to operable windows, set at a 16 linear inch default over finish floor. 

M & N = vaporproof luminaire wiring over tub on centerline on tub's diagonal corners on single-pole, non-dimmer wiring, to be included in the 2730 tasked lumens for the bog/tub area. 

O = the centerlining to site the ceiling exhaust fan wiring referenced in e above. 

P = duplex receptacle wiring at default height and each dedicated, the purpose for which is to operate electronic equipment each grouping isolated to its own electrical circuit wiring. 

Q = duplex receptacles wiring sited at default height above finish floor and either side of passage door at not greater than 6 linear feet from door's jamb legs, including closed closet doors as wall surrogate.  note, too, that the receptacle in bed 2 to left of bed 2-bath passage is mighty close to being set behind the single-swing door between bed 2 and guest hall.  depending on the specific competence and overall understanding of local building authorities having jurisdiction, such site, that is, of a receptacle behind an open door, may be (and should be, in this designer's opinion,) be waived as patently unsafe.

R = lighted switches wiring to control home light along paths from (any) bedroom to nearest bath and (nearest) kitchen - standard safety ops wiring for BTA Electrical & Light Plans layout.

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