BEFORE THE ARCHITECT – DREAM HOME DESIGNING BACKGROUND – UNIQUE DREAM HOME DESIGNING ARTICLES
INTERIORS' HOME DESIGN ARCH, esp. INTERIORS' DESIGN ARCH
By Before The Architect Copyright 2003-2007 Before The Architect
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HOME DESIGN ARCH
The interiors' home design arch is 'in' hereabouts. Arch design solutions
find their way into most of Before The Architect's unique home designs.
Estates and not-so-estate-sized. Outside and inside. Few limits prevail
beyond design style propriety, design preference, and header or beam height.
This e-article is about
interior dream home design arch design solutions
generally for arch designers and arch design builders. Arch design options,
arch design vocabulary, and arch design latitude all form the basics for
getting the best out of home designing with arches
There are interior home arch designs galore in size and style and layout.
Modifying arches to style or adding them to
dream home plans can present major
boosts to home designing in most Traditional home designs and some Modern home
Before The Architect is increasingly involved in
interiors and exteriors designing with arches in various manners of home
designing - confirming the correctness of arches included in a plans set done by
others, finishing the job of accurately defining arch metrics in home plans set
done by others, or adding arches to a design of others or our own.
Most of those arches are
Flattened ellipse arch
Roman arch, with header and beam height
Choices (a sampling)
Selected Parts of an Arch, Section in Elevation
Comment: The parts selected are more commonly addressed in application.
Going further with identification moves us into the rigors of the Classical
Orders and of more formal elaboration only occasionally engaged in the last few
years – while distinctive, such detail is neither for everyone, nor for every
Comment: This is a better place than most to introduce considerations of regularity – proportion, harmony, regulating lines – in arches which necessarily include regularity of their attendant parts.
While there is intolerance with any of the Order’s rules in regard to a module’s derivatives, there are at least two offsets to help us on our proportioned way – the column pedestal variously formed which can act as a kind of vertical filler between column base and a lower, usually functional level such as patios, porches, or interiors' floor level; an overriding sense to the Orders overall that the Romans and, to a lesser extent, the Greeks would have found the dicta of Vitruvius, Palladio, et al. pedantic, lacking in permission for artistic latitude.
So one comes to the major axis itself and realizes that most of the proportion is already set by intercolumniation, or functional imperatives including lines of sight, or artfulness. To the extent that an arch’s major axis can be directly related by proportion to either subordinate columns or their spacing or both, all the better.
It’s the minor axis where – less constraints of both terminal height as in an eave or ceiling and structure as in a beam – proportion can play out happily.
The Orders in so far as embellishments are concerned
Comment: For an interesting and generally practical reference on many of
these matters see Traditional Construction Patterns: Design & Detail Rules of
Thumb by Stephen A. Mouzon et al., McGraw Hill, 2004.
ARCHES NOT IN SERIES
Interiors' Arches Not in Series, Drawn Detail - Section in Elevation
This resolution of interiors' arches works, in this
dream home designer’s opinion,
not only because
It mimics the exterior arches in segmental form and
shallow minor axis, but also because
These interiors' portals are not close together
In the style of design of the instant project,
Comment: In this
instance, this dream home designer draws to-scale the basic metrics of interior arches
to a home design that has substantial exterior arching. The proportions of the
exterior arches – based on the dominant set at Front Of House – he takes inside.
Of interest, these sections were not the first drawn,
which first drawn were more rounded [read: marginally longer minor axis] and
regarded by the clients as in need of flattening, which flattening extended
to all arches both interiors and exteriors, considering that the exterior
Front Of House arch across the wide Front Porch formed the basis for all
other arch proportions.
ARCHES IN SERIES
Interior Arches in Series, Drawn Detail, Sections in Elevation
It is the experience of Before The Architect’s
designers that when arches get closer together, as in a series, as in a
colonnade, it’s more salutary design to hold to the math of major:minor axes
across the series.
Before The Architect is fond of a segmental arch at
major axis:minor axis::9:1, when window heads are segmental, which is almost
all the time [as opposed to the semi-circular, or Roman arch, of which
clients are less fond, leaving elliptical somewhere in the middle by popular
If sequenced, as in a porch or arcade, segmental
arches appear most regular when each is set at a given major-to-minor axis
ratio, say 9:1, and all the springlines are held to a singular level,
thereby offering marginally different crown heights when intercolumn
The Interiors' Arches In Series pic presents the
stripped-down version of layouts recently done to be sure about the
preferential appearance of arches in series.
The context is
The tight series of openings requires more discipline in laying out the arches. While some disproportion from the Gallery view could be tolerated, the substantially wider visual perspective from the Dining-Living area would put the lie to bad judgment.
#1 and #3 fail for the same reasons - disproportion,
particularly from the Dining/Living viewpoint, and understatement of the
central, arched opening.
Arch's overall consequences can be
NAILING DOWN THE ARCH DESIGN DETAILS
Exteriors and Interiors - Arches Design Detail Table, Alphameric
Comment: The AG goes to such extents as the Arches Table, so as to provide
an orderly presentation of similar features – arches – without relying on the
good spirits of construction to see through to the designer’s intent and vision.
Note, for example,
Discrete treatment of the front door arch in order to
distinguish it from all other arches
Identical treatment of similar, lesser passage at
Front Of House and Back Of House
Cross-reference to the Elevations as further guide to
The attention even to the arching of Courtyard wall
Same springline and minor axis to the Front Porch LOH
and ROH as the Front Porch FOH, even though the two sets of arches have
widely dissimilar major axes, in order to provide a symmetrical frame of
visual reference both from and toward the house, particularly from the house
Note also, please the references to the interior doors drawn in the above Figure.
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